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Sustainable transport: Helping cities breathe worldwide

Sustainable transport: Helping cities breathe worldwide

Rapid urbanisation is affecting people’s mobility and the environment in economic centres around the world. Today, half of the world’s population lives in urban centres – by 2050, more than two out of every three people are expected to live in cities and towns. In order to sustain global economic growth while ensuring the health and quality of life of citizens, cities the world over are looking for smarter and more environmentally friendly forms of mass transit compared to the historic dependence on individual car transportation. Rail technology leader Bombardier Transportation is at the forefront of developing cost-effective technologies that improve total vehicle performance to move more people and goods than ever before efficiently within and between urban centres.

Trams and light rail vehicles are the most energy efficient mode of transportation, consuming up to five times less energy per passenger than cars travelling with an average of between one and two people. They are capable of transporting up to 250 passengers at once and operate for a period of 30 years or longer. The latest development in Bombardier’s proven FLEXITY family of modern trams and light rail vehicles (LRVs) is the FLEXITY 2 tram, which began operating in Blackpool, UK, in April 2012 and is being delivered to Australia’s Gold Coast and Switzerland’s Capital of Culture, Basel. The tram can be equipped with energy saving technologies from the BOMBARDIER ECO4 portfolio including the BOMBARDIER MITRAC Energy Saver, which allows energy to be re-used and provides energy savings of up to 30 per cent.

Bombardier’s fully customisable trams and LRVs have a recyclability rate of approximately 92 per cent and a recoverability rate of about 98 per cent (recycling + energy recovery). They are designed for sustainable mobility throughout their life cycle. To date, 3,500 trams and light rail vehicles from Bombardier have either been ordered or are already operating in about 100 cities in more than 20 countries around the globe. The FLEXITY 2 tram is on display at InnoTrans 2012.

BOMBARDIER PRIMOVE e-mobility solution
The latest technological innovation from Bombardier is a revolutionary wireless charging system that can be used not only for rail vehicles such as FLEXITY trams but also for electric buses, cars and trucks. Mass transit networks, fleet operators and car owners can now benefit from quieter, cleaner and more attractive traffic arteries without experiencing the range and recharging constraints usually associated with electric charging. The zero-emission PRIMOVE solution eliminates the need for catenaries, cables and plugs, enabling vehicles to operate without obstructing heritage-protected areas, parks and gardens. The system uses wireless transmission of energy between cables installed under the road or track surface and components mounted unobtrusively under the vehicles. Reliable performance is ensured, even under adverse weather and ground conditions such as snow, rain, ice or sand.

The technology is safe and does not affect electronic devices such as mobile phones or pacemakers. By maximising the concept of fast opportunity charging, the PRIMOVE system reduces total cost of ownership. Batteries are designed to be smaller and lighter, thereby extending battery life and minimising energy consumption. Wayside infrastructure and maintenance are kept to a minimum, while wear and tear and the risk of vandalism are eliminated.


BOMBARDIER INNOVIA turnkey systems
From airport links to principal mass transit arteries, monorail systems are the emerging game-changing solution for urban transportation – with the capacity to move hundreds of thousands of passengers safely, efficiently and reliably to their destinations every day. Monorail systems are cost-effective to introduce and permit rapid installation of infrastructure to transform a city’s transportation links. The INNOVIA Monorail 300 system can carry up to 48,000 passengers per hour per direction at speeds of up to 80 km/h. This culmination of Bombardier’s experience in developing and implementing advanced driverless monorail systems is currently being delivered for commuter services in São Paulo, Brazil, and in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Bridging the gap between light rail vehicles and heavy, high capacity metros, Bombardier’s INNOVIA Metro 300 system is designed to reduce costs, environmental impact and infrastructure requirements. The vehicles are made primarily from highly recyclable materials that ensure little-to-no waste at the end of their lifespan. The system uses highly effective regenerative braking to re-use energy released during braking. In addition to the energy savings inherent in a light-weight vehicle, BOMBARDIER EnerGstor wayside energy storage can further reduce energy consumption by capturing and storing potentially wasted energy and recycling it back into the system. Ultimately, high energy-efficiency results in low carbon emissions, a smaller environmental footprint and lower operating costs.

Air travel remains an important part of international transportation infrastructure, so the way people travel to and from airports as well as within them is crucial to the sustainability of this mode of travel. Evolved from more than 40 years of reliable performance in automated people mover (APM) technology, the new INNOVIA APM 300 system is ideal for both urban and airport circulator routes. It offers a cost-effective solution to move large volumes of passengers every day with only a small environmental and visual footprint. Bombardier is the market leader for APM systems, having delivered 32 such systems at many of the world’s busiest international airports and city districts, including London, UK, Guangzhou, China, and Dallas, Texas, USA.

Locomotives are the backbone of most freight and many passenger services around the world. In Europe, TRAXX locomotives are the most widely used, with more than 1,550 of them sold in just over a decade. At InnoTrans, Bombardier is highlighting two locomotive models setting new standards in sustainable transport. The innovative TRAXX F140 AC locomotive with the “Last Mile” features a supplementary diesel motor that eliminates the need to change locomotives in shunting areas of a rail network, for example at terminals, ports or construction sites. It bridges the so-called “last mile” that previously required a separate shunting locomotive.

The new TRAXX P160 DE Multi-Engine locomotive offers game-changing multi-engine propulsion. Its highly innovative use of four industrial diesel engines instead of a single large diesel motor provides operators with several key advantages: it markedly reduces fuel consumption, exhaust emissions and life cycle costs. It also already meets the stringent new European Union (EU) Stage IIIB emission standards.

BOMBARDIER OMNEO Electric Multiple Unit
Bombardier’s OMNEO train is the world’s first articulated double-deck Electric Multiple Unit (EMU). It features alternating single and double-deck cars. The weight per passenger has been significantly reduced compared to previous generations of double-deck EMUs.

The OMNEO train is made of 95 per cent recyclable materials and includes many technologies from the ECO4 portfolio to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions. The MITRAC Permanent Magnet Motor saves energy directly with increased motor efficiency as well as indirectly with reduced vehicle weight. Further environmental benefits are achieved as a larger proportion of the braking is performed electrically, resulting in reduced energy consumption and noise emission. The ThermoEfficient climatisation system, with variable fresh air rate adapting to the number of passengers, reduces energy consumption and ensures a consistent temperature throughout the passenger compartment. To optimise the aerodynamics of the OMNEO train, Bombardier used the same state-of-the-art AeroEfficient computer modelling used for the BOMBARDIER ZEFIRO 380 very high speed train.

ECO4 portfolio of technologies
Bombardier’s proven ECO4 portfolio is currently the only comprehensive, flexible group of green transport solutions in the rail industry. It encompasses the four cornerstones of sustainable transport – energy, efficiency, economy and ecology – and includes 15 innovative products and technologies that enable energy savings of up to 50 per cent (compared to current products).

BOMBARDIER ITINO trains serving commuters in and around the commercial hubs of Frankfurt, Germany, and Gothenburg, Sweden, have operated with the BOMBARDIER C.L.E.A.N. Diesel Power Pack since 2009, meeting the EU Stage IIIB emission standards. Bombardier also developed the FLEXX Eco bogie suitable for commuter, long distance and high speed trains. It is currently the only lightweight high-performance bogie in the world with proven performance on mainline passenger services, including Bombardier 200 km/h Voyager and Meridian trains in the UK.

The BOMBARDIER REGINA Gröna Tåget (Green Train), operating commercially in Sweden since 2009, offers energy-efficient high speed rail solutions such as the MITRAC Permanent Magnet Motor for increased efficiency in propulsion and the BOMBARDIER FLEXX Tronic bogie technology for faster speed through curves.

BOMBARDIER ZEFIRO very high speed (VHS) trains
The groundbreaking ZEFIRO family features the world’s most economical and eco-friendly VHS trains, setting a new benchmark for sustainable mobility. By incorporating many of Bombardier’s energy-saving ECO4 technologies, the ZEFIRO trains deliver the lowest energy consumption per seat of any VHS train in the world today. They allow operators to improve efficiency, reduce maintenance costs, scale capacity levels and achieve universal cross-border mobility. The trains also offer superior aerodynamic performance, speed, reduced noise and increased safety. With up to 1,300 seats per train, they can hold twice as many passengers as the largest plane in the world, the Airbus A380.

BOMBARDIER EBI Gate 200 crossing system
The EBI Gate 200 enhanced user-operated crossing system is intended to alert people to oncoming trains when crossing tracks in rural areas. Sustainably delivering safety, it is the first crossing of its kind capable of harnessing renewable energies in its environment as a power source, via an independent solar/wind power system. This reduces its environmental impact and cost of operation. The solution is a completely self-contained overlay system. For installation into brownfield sites, testing is conducted in the factory prior to installation, minimising the need for on-site activities. Commissioning can be completed within five days with no disruption to services.

Bombardier is the first supplier to have delivered a European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) Regional signalling solution, in line with the Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer (UIC) drive to advance the use of ERTMS/ European Train Control System (ETCS) technology. Its INTERFLO 550 system was installed on the Västerdals line in Sweden in 2012.

A modularised wayside system, INTERFLO 550 is specifically designed to provide the capacity, adaptability and cost-effectiveness needed for regional and rural routes, to meet any future growth in system size/capacity or levels of automation. The new system minimises trackside equipment by combining the ERTMS standard for onboard automatic train protection (ATP) with a radio-based wayside system. It addresses component cost and availability by employing readily available, commercial off-the-shelf products. Compared to fixed block systems, moving and flexible block gives more efficient traffic adaptability, thereby saving energy. Sharing data with other systems is also a simple task and can contribute to better traffic management.