CP presents non-GAAP earnings measures in this news release to provide an additional basis for evaluating underlying earnings and liquidity trends in its business that can be compared with prior periods’ results of operations. When foreign exchange gains and losses on long-term debt and other specified items are excluded from diluted earnings per share, income and income tax expense, these are non-GAAP measures.
These non-GAAP earnings measures exclude foreign currency translation effects on long-term debt and related income taxes, which can be volatile and short term. The impact of volatile short-term rate fluctuations on foreign-denominated debt is only realized when long-term debt matures or is settled. A reconciliation of income, excluding foreign exchange gains and losses on long-term debt and other specified items, to net income as presented in the financial statements is detailed in the attached Summary of Rail Data. In addition, these non-GAAP measures exclude other specified items (described below) that are not a part of CP’s normal ongoing revenues and operating expenses.
Income, diluted earnings per share, operating expense and operating ratio, excluding foreign exchange gains and losses on long-term debt and other specified items, are referred to in this news release as “Adjusted earnings”, “Adjusted diluted earnings per share”, “Adjusted operating expense” and “Adjusted operating ratio”.
Other specified items are material transactions that may include, but are not limited to, restructuring and asset impairment charges, gains and losses on non-routine sales of assets, unusual income tax adjustments, and other items that do not typify normal business activities.
The non-GAAP earnings measures described in this news release have no standardized meanings and are not defined by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and, therefore, are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies.
Foreign exchange gain and loss on long-term debt and other specified items
In the third quarter of 2009 the Company recorded other specified items totaling $69.4 million, after tax. This was largely comprised of the after tax gain of $68.1 million on significant real estate sales.
CP had a foreign exchange loss on long-term debt of $7.7 million after tax in the third quarter of 2010, compared with a foreign exchange loss on long-term debt of $21.0 million after tax in the third quarter of 2009.
As part of a consolidated financing strategy, CP structures its U.S. dollar long-term debt in different taxing jurisdictions. As well, a portion of this debt is designated as a net investment hedge against net investment in foreign subsidiaries. Although the taxes on foreign exchange gains and losses on long-term debt generally offset one another, because they may be in different tax jurisdictions, the resulting net tax can vary significantly.
CP began reporting its financial results in accordance with U.S. GAAP as of January 1, 2010. All prior period comparative numbers contained in this release conform to U.S. GAAP. Additional historical U.S. GAAP financial reports can be found at www.cpr.ca.